The interest for the crazy adventure has been enormous from the very beginning. Its been a long time since the first American spacewalk, and now its time to go even further. Of the 202,586 people who searched, only four of the candidates will be given the opportunity to embark on a one-way trip to Mars in 2024.
The base of Mars will consist of housing and greenhouses. Via the solar panels, the base receives power. But while Mars One is preparing carefully, the expedition can quickly end in disaster. Among other things, astronauts may be exposed to the sun’s rays and a greater amount of radiation via sunrise, which can make astronauts ill.
Dust storms are also something that rages across the landscape and risk breaking power generation as the solar panels can be covered with dust. Dust storms can darken the sky on Mars up to one month at a time, which increases the risk that the lady will be able to enter the residential areas. Over a long-term, it can lead to cancer and lung disease.
Food on Mars
With the help of greenhouses, astronauts will grow their own food that is fertilized with residents’ own urine and feces. Because the astronaut on Mars is very thin, the plants must be grown indoors in artificial light and a soillike atmosphere. Given that the menu becomes a little vegetarian, Mars One has been thinking of sending ants and cockroaches to give astronauts a little protein.
Researchers from MIT in the United States have calculated that the cultivation area should be 200m² to enable the greenhouse to produce enough plants for four people. But Mars One has only planned for 50 m2. The risk of famine is therefore high.
Loneliness and depression
With only three people talking to, the risk of depression on Mars is imminent. Mars One will continuously control the astronaut’s mental condition. A satellite will also be sent to Mars in 2018 so that astronauts can send and receive videos from their families. However, they will never be able to talk directly with them when the signals take between 3-22 minutes depending on whether Earth and Mars are on the same side of the sun.
So far, you do not know how the body will respond to the low gravity found on Mars. Mars One, however, does not think there will be a problem because astronauts will probably lift much heavier things on Mars than on Earth. However, there is a great risk that the seven-month trip to Mars in a weightless state will weaken the astronauts. Therefore, participants will be advised to train three hours a day during the space shuttle and on Mars.
Mars One will send a total of 24 people to Mars. The idea is that these people will have children with each other. If you are going to be able to feed a child on Mars, then inbreeding will eventually become a problem, which may cause future children to become sick when everyone becomes related to each other. The solution to this may be to eventually transfer sperm from Earth to Mars.